How to Type Accented Characters


We strongly recommend that you learn how to type these characters on your computer. For most of you, typing accented characters will be very easy.


Windows 3.x
Windows 95, 98 and beyond
Windows XP
Mac
Window Users - general information


You have two basic options: type in cryptic codes or set up your
keyboard differently. Typing in cryptic codes is cumbersome and frustrating.
Usually, setting up your keyboard is the best way to go
Setting up your keyboard actually means re-configuring your system so
that it is easy to use your keyboard to create accented characters.
"Re-configuring your system" may sound ominous, but it is really quite
simple.


Windows 3.11


Close all of your programs.
Shut your system down.
Re-start your system.
Click on the "Control Panel" icon.
Click on the "Keyboard" icon.
For Keyboard Layout choose "International - US" from the menu.
You may be required to insert one of your Windows diskettes or CD-ROM.
When finished, shut down your system.
Restart your system.
Read the instructions for "Using the U.S. - International Keyboard"
below.


Window 95-98 and beyond


Close all of your programs.
Shut your system down.
Re-start your system.
Open Control Panel. (Start - Settings - Control Panel)
Double-click "Keyboard" icon.
Click on "Language" tab.
Click on "Properties" button.
Choose "United States - International" from the menu.
Click on "OK" button.
You may be required to insert your Windows CD-ROM.
When finished, shut down your system.
Restart your system.
Read the instructions for "Using the U.S. - International Keyboard"
below.


Windows XP
Log On
Click the Start button
Click on Control Panel
Click Regional and Language Options - a new window will pop up
Click the Languages tab
Click on the Details button
Click the Add button - a new window will pop up
Select United States-International (keyboard layout menu)
Click OK
Click Apply



Read the instructions for "Using the U.S. - International Keyboard" below.
Note: You will now have a keyboard icon on the taskbar (usually on the
right side). To switch between keyboard layouts click the keyboard icon
on the task bar and choose which layout you want to use. Changing the
keyboard layout will only affect the log on profile used. No other users
will be affected.


Using the U.S. - International Keyboard
If you followed the above directions carefully, your keyboard will now
react slightly differently than it did before. First of all, notice
that if you strike the single apostrophe (') key, nothing happens. To type
the single apostrophe now, you must strike the single apostrophe key
and then strike the space bar. When you strike the spacebar, the
apostrophe will appear.


The next thing to note is that the quotes (") key behaves the same way
as the apostrophe key. You must first strike the quotes key and then
strike the space bar in order to create the (") symbol. These two minor
inconveniences are more than made up for by the ease with which you can
now type the special characters.


To type the special characters, two keystrokes are required. To type
the , you need only strike the apostrophe key and then the letter a. The
other characters are just as easy:


= ' + a
= ' + e
= ' + i
= ' + o
= ' + u
= ~ + n
= " + u
To type the special punctuation characters, you need to hold down on
the Alt key while you strike the appropriate punctuation mark. On some
keyboards, only one of the two Alt keys will work for this.


= Alt (hold down) + !
= Alt (hold down) + ?
Using Cryptic Codes
If, for some reason, you don't want to change your keyboard, you can
always type in the troublesome cryptic codes. Using this arcane system,
the following codes apply:


= Alt + 0225
= Alt + 0233
= Alt + 0237
= Alt + 0243
= Alt + 0250
= Alt + 0241
= Alt + 0252
= Alt + 0161 Alt + 0191


When using this utterly out-dated system, there are two important
things to remember. First, when you type in the numbers, some keyboards
require that you use the "numeric keypad" located to the side, rather than
the numbers along the top. Second, on some keyboards, only one of the
two Alt keys will work for this.


Mac Users


To get accents on the Mac, hold down the Option key, and while holding
it down, type the letter e; then release those keys and type the letter
that you want the accent to appear on:


= Opt + e, then a = Opt + e, then e = Opt + e, then i = Opt + e, then o = Opt + e, then u For the , hold down the Option key while you type the n; release and type n again.


= Opt + n, then n To place the diaeresis over the u, hold down the Option key while pressing the u key; release and type u again.


= Opt + u, then u The inverted punctuation marks are achieved as follows:


= Opt + 1
Opt + shift + ?
Below you will find a list of alt key codes.


Alt key codes are great if you like to code by hand and can save a lot
of time once you memorize a few. Hold down the alt key and use the
number pad on the far right of your keyboard to type out the 4-character
code. When you release the alt key, the character will appear.


Example: Alt-0169 = or Alt-0174 = or Alt-0153 =


Alt-0128 Alt-0252 Alt-0129 Alt-0130 Alt-0131
Alt-0132 Alt-0253 Alt-0133 Alt-0134 Alt-0135
Alt-0136 Alt-0254 Alt-0137 Alt-0138 Alt-0139
Alt-0140 Alt-0255 Alt-0141 Alt-0142 Alt-0143
Alt-0144 Alt-0248 Alt-0145 Alt-0146 Alt-0147 "
Alt-0148 " Alt-0249 Alt-0149 Alt-0150 Alt-0151
Alt-0152 Alt-0250 Alt-0153 Alt-0154 Alt-0155
Alt-0156 Alt-0251 Alt-0157 Alt-0158 Alt-0159
Alt-0160 Alt-0244 Alt-0161 Alt-0162 Alt-0163
Alt-0164 Alt-0245 Alt-0165 Alt-0166 Alt-0167
Alt-0168 Alt-0246 Alt-0169 Alt-0170 Alt-0171
Alt-0172 Alt-0247 Alt-0173 Alt-0174 Alt-0175
Alt-0176 Alt-0240 Alt-0177 Alt-0178 Alt-0179
Alt-0180 Alt-0241 Alt-0181 Alt-0182 Alt-0183
Alt-0184 Alt-0242 Alt-0185 Alt-0186 Alt-0187
Alt-0188 Alt-0243 Alt-0189 Alt-0190 Alt-0191
Alt-0192 Alt-0236 Alt-0193 Alt-0194 Alt-0195
Alt-0196 Alt-0237 Alt-0197 Alt-0198 Alt-0199
Alt-0200 Alt-0238 Alt-0201 Alt-0202 Alt-0203
Alt-0204 Alt-0239 Alt-0205 Alt-0206 Alt-0207
Alt-0208 Alt-0232 Alt-0209 Alt-0210 Alt-0211
Alt-0212 Alt-0233 Alt-0213 Alt-0214 Alt-0215
Alt-0216 Alt-0234 Alt-0217 Alt-0218 Alt-0219
Alt-0220 Alt-0235 Alt-0221 Alt-0222 Alt-0223
Alt-0224 Alt-0231 Alt-0225 Alt-0226 Alt-0227
Alt-0228 Alt-0230 Alt-0229


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